Document Detail

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring predicts cardiovascular events in treated hypertensive patients--an Anglo-Scandinavian cardiac outcomes trial substudy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19516185     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Results of the Anglo-Scandinavian cardiac outcomes trial-blood pressure lowering arm (ASCOT-BPLA) showed significantly lower rates of coronary and stroke events in individuals allocated an amlodipine-perindopril combination drug regimen than in those allocated an atenolol-thiazide combination drug regimen. The aims of the ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) substudy of ASCOT were to examine the impact of the two blood pressure (BP)- lowering regimens on ambulatory pressures, test to what extent the between-treatment differences in cardiovascular outcome could be attributed to differences in ABP and assess whether ABP provides predictive information additional to that of clinic blood pressure (CBP) in treated hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: One thousand, nine hundred and five patients from four ASCOT centres had repeated ABPs performed over a median follow-up period of 5.5 years. As in the whole ASCOT population, CBP values were lower in amlodipine-perindopril-treated patients compared with those treated with atenolol-thiazide [between-regimen difference [95% confidence intervals (CIs)]]: [-1.5 (-2.4 to -0.5)/-1.2 (-1.8 to +0.5) mmHg]. Daytime BP during follow-up was higher in patients treated with amlodipine-perindopril therapy [+1.1 (0.1-2.1)/+1.6 (0.8-2.3) mmHg]; night-time systolic, but not diastolic BP, was lower in patients treated with amlodipine-perindopril therapy [-2.2 (-3.4 to +0.9)/+0.8 (0.0-1.6) mmHg]. The relative risk of a cardiovascular event associated with a 1 SD increment in accumulated mean BP was 1.35 (1.18-1.53) for clinic systolic BP, 1.30 (1.14-1.49) for daytime systolic BP and 1.42 (1.24-1.62) for night-time systolic BP. With adjustment for baseline variables, treatment regimen and clinic systolic BP, the hazard ratios were 1.17 (1.00-1.36) and 1.25 (1.08-1.47) for daytime and night-time systolic BP, respectively. The between-regimen adjusted hazard ratio for cardiovascular events (amlodipine-perindopril therapy versus atenolol-thiazide therapy) was 0.74 (0.55-1.01) and increased to 0.81 (0.60-1.10) after further adjustment for clinic systolic BP. Further, adjustment for night-time systolic BP increased the hazard ratio to 0.85 (0.62-1.16). CONCLUSION: The amlodipine-perindopril and atenolol-thiazide regimens had different effects on daytime and night-time ABP, which may have contributed to the lower rates of events in patients treated with amlodipine-perindopril therapy. Both CBP and ABP were significantly associated with rates of cardiovascular events. ABP nocturnal pressures provided complimentary and incremental utility over CBP in the prediction of cardiovascular risk in treated hypertensive patients. These data support the use of ABP to assess the effect of antihypertensive treatment in clinical practice.
Eamon Dolan; Alice V Stanton; Simon Thom; Mark Caulfield; Neil Atkins; Gordon McInnes; David Collier; Patrick Dicker; Eoin O'Brien;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1473-5598     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-11     Completed Date:  2009-08-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  876-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Amlodipine / administration & dosage
Atenolol / administration & dosage
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
Drug Therapy, Combination
Hypertension / complications,  drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Middle Aged
Perindopril / administration & dosage
Prospective Studies
Thiazides / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Thiazides; 29122-68-7/Atenolol; 82834-16-0/Perindopril; 88150-42-9/Amlodipine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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