Document Detail

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in obese children: role of insulin resistance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17082726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between ambulatory blood pressure (ABPM) parameters and insulin resistance in obese children. METHODS: A population of 56 obese prepubertal children was recruited for the study. They underwent ABPM, an oral glucose tolerance test and complete physical examination, including adiposity indexes such as body mass index (BMI), skinfolds, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and fat mass. RESULTS: The standard deviation score for BMI was significantly correlated with 24-h systolic blood pressure (SBP) (r = 0.30; P = 0.02) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (r = 0.29; P = 0.03), daytime SBP and DBP (r = 0.28; P = 0.04 and r = 0.32; P = 0.02), night-time SBP and DBP (r = 0.32; P = 0.01 and r = 0.27; P = 0.04). Fat mass was correlated with 24-h SBP (r = 0.46; P = 0.005), daytime SBP (r = 0.40; P = 0.01) and night-time SBP (r = 0.49; P = 0.03). No correlations were found between ABPM parameters and WHR. Furthermore, significant correlations were found between insulin resistance indexes, such as the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and quantitative insulin-sensitivity check index, and 24-h DBP (r = 0.34; P = 0.01 and r = -0.29; P = 0.03), daytime DBP (r = 0.35; P = 0.009 and r = -0.34; P = 0.01) and daytime SBP (r = 0.32; P = 0.02 and r = -0.27; P = 0.04). Only 24-h and daytime DBP remained correlated with insulin resistance after adjustment for obesity. The analysis of the circadian rhythm of blood pressure revealed that 24 out the 56 children were non-dippers. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study indicate that adiposity and insulin resistance have an important role in influencing blood pressure in obese children, and also show a high prevalence of non-dipping phenomenon. This is of particular relevance because blood pressure tracks from childhood into adulthood and an already early-life high blood pressure is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk.
Maria L Marcovecchio; Luca Patricelli; Michele Zito; Rita Capanna; Mariapaola Ciampani; Francesco Chiarelli; Angelika Mohn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-03     Completed Date:  2007-10-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2431-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Chieti, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
Child, Preschool
Insulin Resistance / physiology*
Obesity / physiopathology*
Comment In:
J Hypertens. 2007 Mar;25(3):723; author reply 723-4   [PMID:  17278991 ]

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