Document Detail


Ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate in hypertensives with renal failure: comparison between diabetic nephropathy and non-diabetic glomerulopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18214732     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine a possible difference in the 24-h blood pressure (BP) profile between hypertensives with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and those with non-diabetic glomerulopathy (non-DN). We measured 24-h ambulatory BP in 34 type 2 DN and 34 non-DN patients who were hospitalized for the educational program in our hospital. There were no significant differences in 24-h and daytime systolic BP between DN (143 vs. 136 mmHg, NS for 24-h systolic BP) and non-DN (143 vs. 138 mmHg, NS for daytime systolic BP). Although both groups disclosed blunted nocturnal decrease in BP and were classified as "non-dipper" type, DN patients had a significantly higher nighttime systolic BP than patients with non-DN (142 vs. 132 mmHg, p = 0.0217). BP and heart rate (HR) variabilities were also estimated, and patients with DN showed a reduced nighttime HR variability than those with non-DN (4.8 vs. 6.6 beats/min, p = 0.0115). DN patients had an increase in urinary protein excretion (3.0 vs. 1.4 g/day, p = 0.0095) and a decrease in serum albumin concentration (3.1 vs. 3.7 mg/dl, p < 0.0001). Furthermore, urinary protein excretion was significantly correlated with nighttime systolic BP (r = 0.480, p = 0.0031) but not with nighttime HR variability. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the circadian rhythms of BP and HR are affected by underlying diseases and suggest that an elevated nighttime BP level may contribute to the enhanced urinary protein excretion in hypertensives with DN.
Authors:
Kouichi Tamura; Junji Yamauchi; Yuko Tsurumi-Ikeya; Masashi Sakai; Motoko Ozawa; Atsuichiro Shigenaga; Koichi Azuma; Yasuko Okano; Tomoaki Ishigami; Yoshiyuki Toya; Machiko Yabana; Yasuo Tokita; Toshimasa Ohnishi; Satoshi Umemura
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993)     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1525-6006     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-24     Completed Date:  2008-02-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305929     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Science and Cardiorenal Medicine, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan. tamukou@med.yokohama-cu.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Blood Pressure*
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory
Circadian Rhythm
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetic Nephropathies / physiopathology*
Female
Glomerulonephritis / physiopathology*
Heart Rate*
Humans
Hypertension, Renal / complications,  physiopathology*
Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications,  physiopathology*
Male
Middle Aged
Nephrosclerosis / physiopathology*
Proteinuria

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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