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Ambulation by traumatic T4-12 paraplegics using functional neuromuscular stimulation
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9683682     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The review describes and discusses the status of the major approaches to functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) for the purpose of ambulation by traumatic complete thoracic-level paraplegics, namely, hybrid body bracing with FNS, percutaneous FNS, fully implanted FNS, and transcutaneous FNS. For each approach, the review discusses the system for which the most published user data are available and, where relevant, where the largest user population exists. The review covers methodologies and system descriptions. The Analysis sections of the review discuss ambulation performance, patient-training aspects, and, when available, multi-user medical, physiological, and psychological evaluation data. A comparative tabulation is given in the Synthesis section of the review.
Authors:
Graupe; Davis; Kordylewski; Kohn
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical reviews in neurosurgery : CR     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0939-0146     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Rev. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107411     Medline TA:  Crit Rev Neurosurg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  221-31     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of EECS and Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Restorative Sciences, University of Illinois, 851 South Morgan Street, Room 1117, Chicago, IL 60607-7053, USA
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