Document Detail


Alveolar ventilation during high-frequency oscillation: core dead space concept.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6706776     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To assess the role of direct alveolar ventilation during high-frequency ventilation, we studied convective gas mixing during high-frequency oscillation with tidal volumes close to the dead space volume in a simple physical model. A main conduit representing a large airway was connected with a rigid sphere (V = 77, 517, and 1,719 cm3) by a small circular tube (d = 0.3 and 0.5 cm; L = 5, 10, and 20 cm). The efficiency of sinusoidal oscillations (f = 5, 20, and 40 Hz) applied at one end of the main conduit was assessed from the washout of a CO2 mixture from the sphere; to flush CO2 from the main fluid line, a constant flow of air was used. The decay in CO2 concentration measured in the sphere was exponential and therefore characterized by a measured time constant (tau m). Taking the small tube volume as the ventilatory dead space (VD), an effective tidal volume (VT*) was computed from tau m and compared with the tidal volume (VT) obtained separately from the pressure variation in the sphere. The discrepancy between these two tidal volumes has been found to be uniquely dependent on the ratio VT/VD within the range of VT/VD studied (0.5-2.2). For VT/VD less than 1.2, VT* was larger than VT, indicating that the conventional concept of alveolar ventilation does not apply. From the partition of the oscillatory flow in the small tube into two regions, the core and the unsteady boundary layer, we theoretically computed the proportions of the sinusoidal flow (or tidal volume) and the dead space for each region.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
D Isabey; A Harf; H K Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1984 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-05-24     Completed Date:  1984-05-24     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  700-7     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Dogs
Humans
Models, Biological
Physiology / instrumentation
Pulmonary Alveoli / physiology*
Respiration, Artificial*
Respiratory Dead Space
Tidal Volume
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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