Document Detail

Alternative models of the stress buffering hypothesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2627025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The interactive effects of life events and social support on a DSM-III diagnosis of major depressive episode and on number of depressive symptoms were examined. Data are from a stratified random sample of 3,732 community-dwelling adults. The paper focuses on differences between linear probability models and logistic regression models with regard to the definition, detection, and interpretation of interaction effects. Results indicate that conclusions about the interaction of life events and social support are model dependent. Using a linear probability model, significant event by support interactions were observed for both depressive symptoms and major depression. Using logistic regression, which estimates interactions in terms of odds ratios, no significant event by support interactions were observed. Discussion addresses the interpretive implications of modeling interaction in terms of probability differences versus odds ratios.
R Landerman; L K George; R T Campbell; D G Blazer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of community psychology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0091-0562     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Community Psychol     Publication Date:  1989 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-04-12     Completed Date:  1990-04-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364535     Medline TA:  Am J Community Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  625-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710.
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MeSH Terms
Depression / psychology*
Depressive Disorder / psychology*
Life Change Events*
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Regression Analysis
Social Environment*
Social Support*
Grant Support

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