Document Detail


Alternative fuel motor vehicle tailpipe and evaporative emissions composition and ozone potential.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9706038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The 1988 Alternative Motor Fuels Act and the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments require examination of the potential to favorably influence air quality by changing the composition of motor vehicle fuels. Motor vehicle tailpipe and evaporative emissions were characterized using laboratory simulations of roadway driving conditions and a variety of vehicle-fuel technologies (reformulated gasoline (RFG), methanol (M85), ethanol (E85), and natural gas (CNG)). Speciated organic compound (with Carter MIR ozone potential), CO, and NO(x) emission rates and fuel economy were characterized. The Carter MIR ozone potential of combined Federal Test Procedure (FTP) tailpipe and evaporative emissions was reduced more than 90% with CNG relative to RFG, M85, and E85 fuels. FTP toxic compound emissions (benzene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and 1,3-butadiene) were greater with M85 and E85 fuels than with RFG fuel, and less with CNG fuel than RFG fuel. The most abundant toxic compound was benzene with RFG fuel, formaldehyde with M85 fuel, and acetaldehyde with E85 fuel. FTP MPG fuel economies were reduced with M85 and E85 fuels relative to RFG fuel, consistent with their lower BTU/gal. Energy efficiencies (BTU/mi) were improved with all the alternative fuels relative to RFG. Carter MIR ozone potential was generally reduced with the alternative fuels relative to RFG fuel under REP05 (high speeds and acceleration rates) driving conditions (most significantly with CNG). Toxic aldehyde emissions were reduced under REP05 conditions relative to FTP conditions with all the tested fuels, and toxic benzene emissions were elevated under high acceleration conditions.
Authors:
F Black; S Tejada; M Gurevich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995)     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1096-2247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-09-10     Completed Date:  1998-09-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503111     Medline TA:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  578-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Legislation as Topic
Ozone / analysis*
United States
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Vehicle Emissions / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Vehicle Emissions; 10028-15-6/Ozone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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