Document Detail


Altering muscle activity in the lower extremities by running with different shoes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12218750     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To provide evidence that lower-extremity muscle activity during running is tuned in response to the loading rate of the impact forces at heel-strike. METHODS: Six runners ran two 30-min trials per week for 4 wk. The trials tested two shoes which differed only in the material hardness of the midsole. The shoes were tested in a randomized sequence. Bipolar surface EMG was recorded from the muscles of the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, medial gastrocnemius, and tibialis anterior. EMG was resolved into time-frequency space using wavelet techniques. EMG was analyzed for the 150 ms time window immediately before heel-strike. RESULTS: The intensity of the EMG and the ratio of the EMG intensity between high and low frequency components both showed significant changes between shoes, subjects, and muscles. Additionally, the intensity ratio showed a significant change over the course of each 30-min run. CONCLUSIONS: Lower-extremity muscle activity used to tune the muscles for the impact task can be altered by changing the material hardness of the shoe. The changes in the EMG frequency ratio suggest that muscle fiber-type recruitment patterns can also be altered by the choice of midsole material.
Authors:
James M Wakeling; Silvia A Pascual; Benno M Nigg
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-09     Completed Date:  2002-12-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1529-32     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Human Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada. wakeling@kin.ucalgary.ca
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Biomechanics
Electromyography
Female
Humans
Leg / physiology
Male
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Running / physiology*
Shoes*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effect of four-month vertical whole body vibration on performance and balance.
Next Document:  Technical reliability of the CSA activity monitor: The EarlyBird Study.