Document Detail


Altered sensorimotor control of the body as an etiological factor in space motion sickness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1930058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exposure to nonterrestrial force levels affects the activity of gravitoinertial force sensitive receptors of the body, both of labyrinthine and nonlabyrinthine origin. It also disrupts the normal patterning of motor control of body orientation and movement. The patterns and levels of muscle innervation necessary to achieve particular body configurations and to bring about particular body movements are greatly affected by background force level and body orientation relative to the force vector. The present studies demonstrate that such altered sensorimotor control of head and body posture along with altered vestibulomotor control are evocative of motion sickness. This observation has explanatory significance both for space motion sickness and the re-entry disturbances that occur after prolonged spaceflight.
Authors:
J R Lackner; A Graybiel; P A DiZio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aviation, space, and environmental medicine     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0095-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Publication Date:  1991 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-11-05     Completed Date:  1991-11-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501714     Medline TA:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  765-71     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Ashton Graybiel Spatial Orientation Laboratory, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02254-9110.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Gravitation
Humans
Motion Sickness / etiology*
Movement
Posture
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular / physiology*
Space Flight*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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