Document Detail

Alterations of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta activity affect fatty acid-controlled adipose differentiation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10991946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fatty acids have been postulated to regulate adaptation of adipose mass to nutritional changes by controlling expression of genes implicated in lipid metabolism via activation of nuclear receptors. Ectopic expression of the nuclear receptors PPARgamma or PPARdelta promotes adipogenesis in fibroblastic cells exposed to thiazolidinediones or long-chain fatty acids. To investigate the role of PPARdelta in fatty acid regulation of gene expression and adipogenesis in a preadipose cellular context, we studied the effects of overexpressing the native receptor or the dominant-negative PPARdelta mutant in Ob1771 and 3T3-F442A cells. Overexpression of PPARdelta enhanced fatty acid induction of the adipose-related genes for fatty acid translocase, adipocyte lipid binding protein, and PPARgamma and fatty acid effects on terminal differentiation. A transactivation-deficient form of PPARdelta mutated in the AF2 domain severely reduced these effects. Findings are similar in Ob1771 or 3T3-F442A preadipose cells. These data demonstrate that PPARdelta plays a central role in fatty acid-controlled differentiation of preadipose cells. Furthermore, they suggest that modulation of PPARdelta expression or activity could affect adaptive responses of white adipose tissue to nutritional changes.
C Bastie; S Luquet; D Holst; C Jehl-Pietri; P A Grimaldi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  275     ISSN:  0021-9258     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2000 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-18     Completed Date:  2001-01-18     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  38768-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institut de Recherche Signalisation, Biologie du Développement et Cancer, INSERM U470, Centre de Biochimie, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France.
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MeSH Terms
3T3 Cells
Adipocytes / cytology*,  physiology*
Amino Acid Substitution
Carrier Proteins / genetics
Cell Differentiation / drug effects,  physiology*
Cell Line
Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins
Fatty Acids / metabolism
Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects,  physiology*
Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
Neoplasm Proteins*
Nerve Tissue Proteins*
Palmitates / pharmacology*
Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / drug effects,  genetics,  physiology*
Recombinant Proteins / drug effects,  metabolism
Transcription Factors / drug effects,  genetics,  metabolism,  physiology*
Transcription, Genetic / drug effects
Transcriptional Activation
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carrier Proteins; 0/Fabp5 protein, mouse; 0/Fabp7 protein, mouse; 0/Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Neoplasm Proteins; 0/Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0/Palmitates; 0/Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; 0/Recombinant Proteins; 0/Transcription Factors; 18263-25-7/2-bromopalmitate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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