Document Detail


Alterations in ventilatory pattern and ratio of dead-space to tidal volume.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3119296     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of alterations in ventilatory pattern on the simultaneously measured physiologic and anatomic dead-spaces (VDphys and VDan, respectively) and the dead-space to tidal volume ratio (VD-VT) were studied in 17 healthy normal subjects (13 men, four women, ages 21 to 36 years). There were no significant changes in VDan with increases in respiratory frequency (f) or tidal volume (VT). The VDphys increased (mean change +0.153 L, p less than 0.05) with increase in VT (mean increase +0.84 L, p less than 0.01), but did not alter significantly with a twofold increase in f, at control VT. Increase in VT significantly reduced VD/VT (mean change -10.4 percent, p less than 0.05), but increase in f, at control VT, did not significantly alter VD/VT. These results indicate that in normal subjects, increase in VT alters ventilation/perfusion matching in the lungs, whereas an increase in f, at constant VT, has no effect on ventilation/perfusion matching. Increases in VD/VT cannot, therefore, be ascribed to alterations in ventilatory pattern where either VT, or f, or both are increased.
Authors:
R W Baker; N K Burki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  1987 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-01-13     Completed Date:  1988-01-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1013-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Carbon Dioxide / analysis
Female
Humans
Lung / physiology
Lung Volume Measurements*
Male
Respiration
Respiratory Dead Space*
Tidal Volume*
Vital Capacity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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