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Alterations in downstream mediators involved in central control of eating behavior in obese adolescents submitted to a multidisciplinary therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21856523     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a multidisciplinary therapy (24 weeks) on neurohormonal control of food intake, specifically in orexigenic (total ghrelin, agouti-related protein [AgRP], neuropeptide Y [NPY], and melanin-concentrating hormone) and anorexigenic factors (leptin, insulin, and alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone [α-MSH]), in obese adolescents.
METHODS: A total of 88 adolescents (38 boys and 50 girls), including 62 obese and 26 normal-weight, aged 15-19 years were recruited. Obese adolescents were submitted to a 24-week multidisciplinary therapy. AgRP, NPY, melanin-concentrating hormone, leptin, insulin, glucose, α-MSH, total ghrelin, and food intake were measured at three stages (at baseline, after 12 weeks, and after 24 weeks).
RESULTS: At baseline, obese adolescents showed hyperleptinemia (circulating leptin levels, which were, in boys and girls, 40 and 35 times higher than in normal-weight subjects, respectively). After 24 weeks, these values decreased in all obese patients. Our results showed no differences in ghrelin levels between obese and normal-weight adolescents, in both genders. However, obese boys reduced their plasma ghrelin concentration after 24 weeks of therapy (p < .05). The multidisciplinary therapy decreased NPY and AgRP values and increased α-MSH; simultaneously with these changes there was a decrease in total food intake after 24 weeks of therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: We can conclude that the multidisciplinary therapy was efficient to modulate neurohormonal control of food intake in obese adolescents.
Authors:
Wagner L Prado; Lila M Oyama; Mara C Lofrano-Prado; Aline de Piano; Sérgio G Stella; Cláudia M O Nascimento; June Carnier; Danielle A Caranti; Lian Tock; Sérgio Tufik; Marco Túlio de Mello; Ana R Dâmaso
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-04-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1879-1972     ISO Abbreviation:  J Adolesc Health     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102136     Medline TA:  J Adolesc Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  300-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Nutrition Postgraduate Program, Federal University of São Paulo/Paulista Medicine School, São Paulo, Brazil.
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