Document Detail


Alterations of autonomic nervous activity and energy metabolism by capsaicin ingestion during aerobic exercise in healthy men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17615999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated whether capsaicin ingestion (150 mg) enhances substrate oxidation associated with thermogenic sympathetic activity as an energy metabolic modulator without causing prolongation of the cardiac OT interval during aerobic exercise in humans. Ten healthy males [24.4 (4.3) y] volunteered for this study. The cardiac autonomic nervous activities evaluated by means of heart rate variability of power spectral analysis, energy metabolism, and ECG QT interval were continuously measured during 5-min rest and 30-min exercise at 50% of maximal ventilatory threshold (50% VT(max)) on a stationary ergometer with placebo or capsaicin oral administration chosen at random. The results indicated that there were no significant differences in heart rate during rest or exercise between the two trials. Autonomic nervous activity increased in the capsaicin tablet trial during exercise, but the difference did not reach statistical significance. Capsaicin, however, significantly induced a lower respiratory gas exchange ratio [0.92 (0.02) vs. 0.94 (0.02), means (SE), p < 0.05] and higher fat oxidation [0.17 (0.04) vs. 0.12 (0.04) g/min, means (SE), p < 0.05] during exercise. On the other hand, the data on the cardiac OT interval showed no significant difference, indicating that oral administration of capsaicin did not cause any adverse effect on cardiac depolarization-repolarization. In conclusion, it may be considered that capsaicin consumption 1 h before low intensity exercise (50% VT(max)) is a valuable supplement for the treatment of individuals with hyperlipidemia and/or obesity because it improves lipolysis without any adverse effects on the cardiac depolarization and repolarization process.
Authors:
Ki Ok Shin; Toshio Moritani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0301-4800     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol.     Publication Date:  2007 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-09     Completed Date:  2007-08-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0402640     Medline TA:  J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo)     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  124-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Applied Physiology, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Autonomic Nervous System / drug effects*,  physiology
Capsaicin / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Electrocardiography / drug effects
Energy Metabolism / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test / drug effects,  methods
Heart Rate / drug effects
Humans
Male
Reference Values
Rest / physiology
Thermogenesis / drug effects
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics, Non-Narcotic; 404-86-4/Capsaicin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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