Document Detail

Alteration of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in essential hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8689536     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess lymphocytic subpopulation by labelled monoclonal antibody technique in a small group of patients with untreated essential hypertension (EH) and to detect any alteration with control of blood pressure.
DESIGN: Prospective study with phenotypic estimation of lymphocytes at presentation and a minimum of two weeks after the control of blood pressure.
SETTING: Referral, tertiary care hospital.
PATIENTS: Group 1, normotensive controls (n = 10); group 2, mild to moderate essential hypertension (n = 10); group 3, severe (accelerated/malignant) hypertension (n = 10). All the secondary causes of hypertension were ruled out by a thorough history, physical examination and appropriate radiological and biochemical investigations.
TESTS: Venous blood samples, taken at entry and a minimum of two weeks after control of blood pressure, were analyzed by alkaline phosphatase antialkaline phosphatase (APAAP) antibody technique for CD4, CD3, CD8 and CD22. Peripheral lymphocytes were separated and cocultured with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) for 72 h and assayed for CD25 by the APAAP technique.
MAIN RESULTS: In untreated patients with EH (groups 2 and 3), there was a significant down regulation of CD3, and CD4 lymphocytes whereas the proportion of mature CD22 cells increased. In group 3 there was a significant down regulation of CD25 with PHA stimulation. A negative correlation was observed between CD25 and diastolic pressure upon pooling the results of groups 2 and 3. No significant alteration in these parameters was observed following control of blood pressure with drugs for up to two weeks.
CONCLUSION: In this small group of patients with untreated EH, a significant alteration in the lymphocytic repertoire was observed. Whether this will be found in large groups of hypertensives remains to be seen.
N Sharma; M Koicha; S Varma; S Kumari; N K Ganguly; B K Sharma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of cardiology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0828-282X     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Cardiol     Publication Date:  1996 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-08-26     Completed Date:  1996-08-26     Revised Date:  2011-08-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510280     Medline TA:  Can J Cardiol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  657-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
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MeSH Terms
Antigens, CD
Case-Control Studies
Hypertension / drug therapy,  immunology*
Lymphocyte Subsets* / classification
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens, CD

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