Document Detail

Alpha activity as an index of cortical inhibition during sustained internally controlled attention in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11336888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The study examined the suggestion that infant ability to maintain attention in anticipatory task and to sustain interference is related to the active inhibitory processes in cortical neural networks. METHODS: The extent of selective EEG synchronization in the alpha range has been taken as a measure of cortical inhibition. EEG was registered in 60 infants aged 8-11 months during: (1) attention to an object in the visual field (externally controlled attention); (2) anticipation of the person in the peek-a-boo game (internally controlled attention). RESULTS: The infants who demonstrated longer periods of anticipatory attention had higher absolute spectral amplitude in the broad frequency range under both experimental conditions. It was suggested that the effect of 'overall' EEG synchronization is related to some stable individual differences in psychophysiological traits. To control for the effect of overall EEG synchronization the relation between relative alpha amplitudes in 6.4-10 Hz range and the duration of internally controlled attention was analyzed. The infants with longer compared to shorter anticipatory attention spans had relatively higher 6.8 Hz alpha synchronization at posterior parietal sites under this experimental condition. CONCLUSIONS: It was suggested that alpha synchronization over posterior parietal cortex reflects an active inhibition of certain parietal networks involved in maintaining attention to peripheral visual field rather than merely an 'idle' state of this cortical area. Such an inhibition appears to allow infants to avoid interference of concurrent visual stimulation at the periphery of the visual field.
E V Orekhova; T A Stroganova; I N Posikera
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology     Volume:  112     ISSN:  1388-2457     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Neurophysiol     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-04     Completed Date:  2001-06-28     Revised Date:  2008-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883319     Medline TA:  Clin Neurophysiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  740-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, 103009, Moscow, Russia.
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MeSH Terms
Alpha Rhythm
Analysis of Variance
Attention / physiology*
Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
Gestational Age
Time Factors

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