Document Detail


Allopregnanolone and suppressed hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis stress responses in late pregnancy in the rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20666638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In rats, late pregnancy is associated with suppressed hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses to a variety of stressful stimuli. The result is reduced corticosterone secretion following stress, which is considered to give some protection to the fetuses from adverse glucocorticoid programming and limits the catabolic effect of corticosterone, hence minimizing maternal energy expenditure. We have used a model of immune challenge in which systemic administration of the cytokine, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), allows study of the mechanisms underlying HPA axis hyporesponsiveness in late pregnancy. Suppressed responsiveness of parvocellular paraventricular nucleus (pPVN) corticotropin-releasing hormone neurons, and hence the HPA axis, following IL-1β in late pregnancy is evidently explained by presynaptic inhibition of noradrenaline release in the pPVN, owing to increased endogenous opioid peptide enkephalin production in brainstem nucleus tractus solitarii neurons. Allopregnanolone, a neurosteroid metabolite of progesterone, signals the pregnancy status of the animal to the brain and stimulates opioid production in the brainstem. In this review, we discuss the supporting evidence for these mechanisms.
Authors:
Paula J Brunton; John A Russell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands)     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1607-8888     ISO Abbreviation:  Stress     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9617529     Medline TA:  Stress     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, Centre for Integrative Physiology, University of Edinburgh, Hugh Robson Building, George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9XD, UK. p.j.brunton@ed.ac.uk
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Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
//Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

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