Document Detail

Alloplastic cranial implants made from computed tomographic scan-generated casts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1403895     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The complexity of cranioplasty increases with increased defect size. It is difficult to produce a symmetric, accurate implant presurgically or at the time of surgery when the defect is greater than 50 cm2. The procedure is also more difficult to perform when the defect is located in the temporal, infratemporal, or frontal areas. A new procedure generates a three-dimensional cast of the skull through computed tomography and computer-aided design reformation. This article describes the process of model generation and the production of a preprocessed cranial implant. To date, six cranial implants have been made with this technique. The whole head models are accurate and help the neurosurgeon-prosthodontist team in the creation of a symmetric, anatomically correct restoration. It is the technique of choice for large implants or where the cranial bones are thin. It is not necessary to augment or alter the implant during surgery. The technique reduces surgical time, and postsurgical complications have been minimal.
M C van Putten; S Yamada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of prosthetic dentistry     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0022-3913     ISO Abbreviation:  J Prosthet Dent     Publication Date:  1992 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-20     Completed Date:  1992-11-20     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376364     Medline TA:  J Prosthet Dent     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  103-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Restorative and Prosthetic Dentistry, Ohio State University College of Dentistry, Columbus.
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MeSH Terms
Artificial Intelligence*
Bone Diseases / radiography,  surgery
Equipment Design
Frontal Bone / surgery
Methylmethacrylates / chemistry*
Parietal Bone / surgery
Prostheses and Implants*
Skull / radiography*,  surgery*
Sphenoid Bone / surgery
Surface Properties
Temporal Bone / surgery
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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