Document Detail

Alloplastic augmentation of the facial skeleton: an occasional adjunct or alternative to orthognathic surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21532429     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Alloplastic implants can be adjunctive to orthognathic surgery by correcting contour irregularities or disharmonies after skeletal movements. Implant augmentation can also simulate the visual effect of osteotomies in patients with skeletal deficiencies whose occlusion is normal or has been corrected. Although sometimes it is an adjunct or an alternative to facial skeletal rearrangements, facial skeleton augmentation is not a substitute for orthognathic surgery.
METHODS: Alloplastic implants designed specifically to augment the infraorbital rim can correct the residual upper midface deficiency remaining after Le Fort I maxillary advancement. When used with paranasal and malar implants, they can simulate the visual effect of the Le Fort III osteotomy with advancement. Paranasal implants can simulate the appearance after Le Fort I advancement. Mandible and extended chin implants can correct skeletal irregularities and deficiencies after sagittal and horizontal osteotomies. They can also simulate the visual effect of these osteotomies.
RESULTS: The application of these concepts has been effective, with low morbidity, in 294 patients. No implants extruded or migrated. Eight patients (3 percent) had early postoperative infections. There were no late infections. Ten of 108 patients (9 percent) with midface implants had implant visibility with time.
CONCLUSION: Alloplastic augmentation of the facial skeleton can be a useful adjunct or an alternative to orthognathic surgical procedures in situations when the occlusion is normal or has been corrected.
Michael J Yaremchuk; Gaby Doumit; Gabe Doumit; Matthew A Thomas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  127     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-02     Completed Date:  2011-07-05     Revised Date:  2014-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2021-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Facial Bones / surgery*
Middle Aged
Orthognathic Surgical Procedures / methods*
Osteotomy / methods*
Prostheses and Implants*
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Erratum In:
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Jul;128(1):340
Note: Doumit, Gabe [corrected to Doumit, Gaby]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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