Document Detail

Allicin protects against cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis via attenuating reactive oxygen species-dependent signaling pathways.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20185286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Increased oxidative stress has been associated with the pathogenesis of chronic cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Since allicin suppresses oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo, we hypothesized that allicin would inhibit cardiac hypertrophy through blocking oxidative stress-dependent signaling. We examined this hypothesis using primary cultured cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts and one well-established animal model of cardiac hypertrophy. Our results showed that allicin markedly inhibited hypertrophic responses induced by Ang II or pressure overload. The increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and NADPH oxidase activity were significantly suppressed by allicin. Our further investigation revealed this inhibitory effect on cardiac hypertrophy was mediated by blocking the activation of ROS-dependent ERK1/2, JNK1/2 and AKT signaling pathways. Additional experiments demonstrated allicin abrogated inflammation and fibrosis by blocking the activation of nuclear factor-κB and Smad 2/3 signaling, respectively. The combination of these effects resulted in preserved cardiac function in response to cardiac stimuli. Consequently, these findings indicated that allicin protected cardiac function and prevented the development of cardiac hypertrophy through ROS-dependent mechanism involving multiple intracellular signaling.
Chen Liu; Feng Cao; Qi-Zhu Tang; Ling Yan; Yu-Gang Dong; Li-Hua Zhu; Lang Wang; Zhou-Yan Bian; Hongliang Li
Related Documents :
19429856 - Heme arginate suppresses cardiac lesions and hypertrophy in deoxycorticosterone acetate...
2155436 - Outward currents in hypertrophied feline ventricular myocytes.
18292806 - Currying favor for the heart.
8281966 - Mechanisms of ventricular arrhythmias in the presence of pathological hypertrophy.
16984986 - Impact of type 2 diabetes on myocardial insulin sensitivity to glucose uptake and perfu...
24895396 - Breathless after bypass.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-02-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutritional biochemistry     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1873-4847     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010081     Medline TA:  J Nutr Biochem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1238-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, 510080 Guangzhou, China.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Sub-clinical left and right ventricular dysfunction in patients with COPD.
Next Document:  Polyphenol-containing azuki bean (Vigna angularis) seed coats attenuate vascular oxidative stress an...