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Alleviation effects of magnesium on copper toxicity and accumulation in grapevine roots evaluated with biotic ligand models.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23138334     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Copper toxicity and accumulation in plants are affected by physicochemical characteristics of soil solutions such as the concentrations of coexistent cations (e.g., Ca(2+), Mg(2+), K(+), Na(+), and H(+)). The biotic ligand model (BLM) approach has been proposed to predict metal phyto-toxicity and -accumulation by taking into account the effects of coexistent cations, given the assumption of the partition equilibrium of metal ions between soil solution and solid phase. The alleviation effects of Mg on Cu toxicity and accumulation in grapevine roots were the main concerns in this study and were investigated by using a hydroponic experiment of grapevine cuttings. The BLM approach, which incorporated competition of Mg(2+) with Cu(2+) to occupy the biotic ligands on root surfaces, was developed to predict Cu rhizotoxicity and accumulation by grapevine roots. In the results, the effective activity of Cu, {Cu (2+)}, resulting in a 50 % reduction of root elongation (EA (50)), linearly increased with increments of Mg activity, {Mg (2+)}. In addition, the Cu concentration in root, Cu ( root ), was retarded by an increase of {Mg (2+)}. The linear model was significantly fitted to the relationship between {Cu (2+)}/Cu ( root ) and {Mg (2+)}. According to the concept of BLM, the present results revealed that the amelioration effects of Mg on Cu toxicity and accumulation in roots could arise from competition between Mg(2+) and Cu(2+) on the binding sites (i.e., the biotic ligands). Then, the developed Cu-BLMs incorporating the Mg(2+) competition effectiveness were validated provide accurate predictions of Cu toxicity and accumulation in grapevine roots. To our knowledge this is the first report of the successful development of BLMs for a woody plant. This BLM approach shows promise of being widely applicable for various terrestrial plants.
Bo-Ching Chen; Pei-Chi Ho; Kai-Wei Juang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology (London, England)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-3017     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecotoxicology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9885956     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Post-Modern Agriculture, MingDao University, No. 369, Wenhua Rd., Peetow, Changhua, 52345, Taiwan.
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