Document Detail

Allergy to dental materials with special reference to the use of amalgam and polymethylmethacrylate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2276834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The increase in new clinical materials with questionable biological properties and the corresponding increase in awareness in patients to health hazards from dental materials are two important problems of modern clinical dentistry. Based upon evidence from clinical research the hypersensitivity problems related to the use of silver amalgam and acrylic denture base materials are reviewed to define possible risk groups among dental patients. In silver amalgam therapy the main risk group is patients with contact lesions in the oral mucosa adjacent to the restorations, as this group exhibits a high frequency of skin sensitivity to mercury and other base materials in dental amalgam. Among denture wearers a corresponding risk group has been observed among patients with previous allergic diseases and burning mouth syndrome. In these cases a high incidence of skin sensitivity reactions to denture allergens has been observed, usually to methylmethacrylate monomer and formaldehyde. Some possible pathogenic mechanisms leading to a contact allergy of the oral mucosa in these patient groups are discussed.
S Kaaber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International dental journal     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0020-6539     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Dent J     Publication Date:  1990 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-03-01     Completed Date:  1991-03-01     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374714     Medline TA:  Int Dent J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-65     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Royal Dental College, Aarhus, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Dental Amalgam / adverse effects*,  chemistry
Denture Bases
Hypersensitivity / etiology*
Methylmethacrylates / adverse effects*,  chemistry
Mouth Diseases / chemically induced*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Methylmethacrylates; 8049-85-2/Dental Amalgam

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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