Document Detail

Allergy to cow's milk proteins: what contribution does hypersensitivity in skin tests have to this diagnosis?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21342278     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
To cite this article: Costa AJF, Sarinho ESC, Motta MEFA, Gomes PN, de Oliveira de Melo SM, da Silva GAP. Allergy to cow's milk proteins: what contribution does hypersensitivity in skin tests have to this diagnosis? Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; 22: e133-e138. Food allergy is an immunologically mediated adverse reaction to food protein. Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most frequent type and is the one that is most difficult to diagnose. This study had the objective of analyzing the accuracy of hypersensitivity and specific IgE skin tests among children with CMPA and predominantly gastrointestinal clinical manifestations. The participants in this study were 192 children aged one and five (median of 2 yr). Among these, 122 underwent open oral challenge to the suspected food. After evaluating the sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values (respectively, PPV and NPV) of skin and specific IgE tests in relation to the gold standard (open oral challenge); all the children underwent the skin prick test (SPT), specific IgE test and atopy patch test (APT) for cow's milk, eggs, wheat and peanuts and the open oral challenge for the food to which the child was sensitive or had suspected sensitivity. Presence of food allergy was confirmed for 50 children (40.9%). Among these cases, 44/50 (88%) were of allergy to cow's milk protein. Children who presented a positive response to an oral challenge to cow's milk protein were considered to be cases, while the controls were children with negative response. Twenty-two of the 44 cases (50.0%) presented symptoms within the first 4 h after the challenge. The SPT presented 31.8% sensitivity, 90.3% specificity, 66.7% PPV and 68.4% NPV. The APT presented 25.0% sensitivity, 81.9% specificity, 45.8% PPV and 64.1% NPV. The specific IgE test presented, respectively, 20.5%, 88.9%, 52.9% and 64.6%. Despite the operational difficulty and the possible exposure risk, oral challenge is the best method for diagnosing CMPA, because of the low sensitivity and PPV of skin and specific IgE tests.
Aldo José Fernandes Costa; Emanuel Sávio Cavalcanti Sarinho; Maria Eugênia Farias Almeida Motta; Priscila Nogueira Gomes; Sabrina Maria de Oliveira de Melo; Giselia Alves Pontes da Silva
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1399-3038     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Allergy Immunol     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106718     Medline TA:  Pediatr Allergy Immunol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e133-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
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