Document Detail


Allergy alerts in electronic health records for hospitalized patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22840256     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are used to register important health-related information, such as allergic conditions, and contribute to the safety and quality of medical care.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of allergy alert entries in EHRs and to establish the allergy profile of hospitalized patients.
METHODS: Allergy data recorded in EHRs were analyzed in a cross-sectional, observational, descriptive study of patients admitted to the hospital from January 1 through June 30, 2011.
RESULTS: A total of 15,534 patients were admitted to the hospital during the study period. The rate of inclusion of allergy information in the EHRs was 64.4%. In 2,106 patients an alert was activated to declare an allergy, intolerance, or any other type of adverse reaction. Drugs were the most common responsible agent (74.4%), followed by foods (12.6%) and materials (4.8%). Entries for drug allergy or intolerance were more common in females (64.8%) than males, with a significant statistical difference (P < .01), and increased proportionally with age. Entries for food allergy or intolerance were also more common in females (58.0%) than males (P < .01), but this trend was reversed in the 0- to 15-year-old age group. By contrast, the entries for food allergy or intolerance decreased proportionally with age. In 7,907 cases the EHRs revealed that patients were free of allergies, intolerances, or any other type of adverse reactions.
CONCLUSION: Drug allergy was the most frequently reported allergic condition, followed by foods and materials. Allergy alerts vary depending on age and sex. The proper use of a system for allergy alerts included in EHRs provides valuable information about hospitalized patients, contributing to the improvement of clinical practice.
Authors:
Rebeca González-Gregori; M Dolores Hernández Fernandez De Rojas; Ramón López-Salgueiro; Miguel Díaz-Palacios; Antonio Nieto García
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-06-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1534-4436     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Research Institute La Fe, Valencia, Spain.
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