Document Detail


Allergic rhinitis as a possible risk factor for malocclusion: a case-control study in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23017035     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Prolonged oral respiration is known to cause postural alterations, which can lead to dental malocclusions. Allergic rhinitis, a common cause of upper airway obstruction in children, must therefore be seen as a possible risk factor in the development of malocclusions. AIM: Aim of this study was to investigate the association between allergic rhinitis and malocclusions in primary and early-mixed dentition. DESIGN: A case-control study was carried out involving 275 Italian children aged 5-9. The case group and the control group were composed of 125 individuals affected by malocclusions and by 150 healthy patients, respectively. Through a questionnaire, we assessed the presence of professionally diagnosed allergic rhinitis. Data were analysed to identify associations between these variables and the presence of malocclusions. RESULTS: Children with a history of allergic rhinitis had a threefold increased risk to develop one or more dento-skeletal alterations [OR = 3.16; 95% CI (1.79-5.58), P < 0.001]. Statistically significant associations were found between allergic rhinitis and the development of posterior crossbite and increased overjet. No significant association was found for anterior openbite. CONCLUSIONS: Allergic rhinitis is a significant risk factor for the development of malocclusions in general and is associated with the development of posterior crossbite and increased overjet.
Authors:
Valeria Luzzi; Gaetano Ierardo; Annamaria Viscogliosi; Miriam Fabbrizi; Giuliana Consoli; Iole Vozza; Annarita Vestri; Antonella Polimeni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-263X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Paediatr Dent     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107511     Medline TA:  Int J Paediatr Dent     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd, BSPD and IAPD.
Affiliation:
Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Italy.
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