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All-cause mortality in people with cirrhosis compared with the general population: a population-based cohort study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21745279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Mortality due to cirrhosis has tripled over the last 30 years in the UK. However, we lack adequate, contemporary, population-based estimates of the excess mortality patients who are at risk compared with the general population. Aim: To determine the overall survival in patients with cirrhosis compared with the general population taking into account the effects of severity and aetiology of disease and comorbidity. Methods: In a cohort study, we identified 4537 people with cirrhosis and a control cohort of 44 403 patients, matched by age, sex and general practice from the UK General Practice Research Database between June 1987 and April 2002. Results: Patients with compensated cirrhosis had a nearly five-fold [hazard ratio (HR) 4.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.4-5.0] increased risk of death, while those with decompensated cirrhosis had a near 10-fold (HR 9.7, 95% CI 8.9-10.6) increased risk compared with the general population. Alcoholic cirrhosis conferred a worse prognosis than non-alcohol-related cirrhosis both in the first year following diagnosis and subsequently. Conclusion: Having a diagnosis of cirrhosis confers a substantial increased mortality risk compared with the general population, even for those with compensated disease, with 5-year survival between that seen for breast and colorectal cancer.
Kate M Fleming; Guruprasad P Aithal; Tim R Card; Joe West
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1478-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101160857     Medline TA:  Liver Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre, NIHR-Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK Department of Gastroenterology, Kings Mill Hospital, Sutton, Ashfield, UK.
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