Document Detail


Alkaline hydrothermal conversion of cellulose to bio-oil: Influence of alkalinity on reaction pathway change.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21493062     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of alkalinity on alkaline hydrothermal conversion (alkaline-HTC) of cellulose to bio-oil were investigated in this study. The results showed that the initial alkalinity greatly influenced the reaction pathways. Under initial strong alkaline conditions with final pH greater than 7, alkaline-HTC only followed the alkaline pathway. However, under initial weak alkaline conditions with final pH of less than 7, acidic as well as alkaline pathways were involved. The main mechanism behind this change of reaction pathways under weak alkaline conditions was that carboxylic acids were first formed from cellulose via the alkaline pathway and then neutralized/acidified the alkaline solutions. Once the pH of the alkaline solutions decreased to less than 7, the acidic instead of the alkaline reaction pathway occurred. This change of the reaction pathways with initial alkalinity partly explained the inconsistent results in the literature of alkaline-HTC bio-oil compositions and yields.
Authors:
Sudong Yin; Anil K Mehrotra; Zhongchao Tan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Centre for Environmental Engineering Research & Education (CEERE), Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4.
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