Document Detail

Algicidal effectiveness of Clearigate, Cutrine-Plus, and copper sulfate and margins of safety associated with their use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12045870     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Laboratory studies of algicide toxicity to algal species provide information to improve the efficacy and efficiency of copper-containing algicides in actual field situations. The objectives of this study were (1) to measure the influence of copper form, initial concentration, and duration of exposure on the response of Raphidocelis subcapitata, a planktonic freshwater green alga; (2) to determine the contact time required for these copper-containing algicides (Clearigate, Cutrine-Plus, and copper sulfate) and the target species to obtain control; (3) to measure the critical burden of the three algicides required to obtain control of R. subcapitata; (4) to measure the residence time of the copper applied as the algicides in the water column of three waters having different water characteristics ( i.e., alkalinity, hardness, pH, and conductivity); and (5) to contrast exposures of copper (as algicides) required to control algae and the lower thresholds causing adverse effects on sensitive nontarget animal species. Algal control (EC(100)) was accomplished at 55.8, 117.5, and 187.5 microg Cu/L for CuSO(4), Cutrine-Plus and Clearigate with a contact time of 3 days in all cases. The critical burdens of copper (concentration sorbed by the algae) were 4.2, 7.3, and 7.9 microg Cu/mg algae (dry weight) for CuSO(4), Cutrine-Plus, and Clearigate, respectively. Because algicide toxicity generally decreases as cell density increases, the density of cells in algal blooms may hamper algicide effectiveness even at maximum label application rates. Determinations of critical burdens for algicides and target algal species provide necessary information to forecast the performance of algicide applications in field situations. The margin of safety ( i.e., the difference between the concentration where control of algae was obtained and the lower threshold concentration causing adverse effects on nontarget species) was greatest for Cutrine-Plus. However, the margins of safety are minimal (< 0, 12.5, and 82.5 microg Cu/L for Ceriodaphnia dubia exposed to CuSO(4), Clearigate, and Cutrine-Plus, respectively) when they are applied according to their labels.
C L Murray-Gulde; J E Heatley; A L Schwartzman; J H Rodgers
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0090-4341     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-04     Completed Date:  2002-09-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357245     Medline TA:  Arch Environ Contam Toxicol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Environmental Toxicology, Clemson University, 509 Westinghouse Rd., Pendleton, South Carolina 29670, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Algae, Green*
Amino Alcohols / toxicity*
Antidotes / toxicity*
Copper / chemistry*,  toxicity
Copper Sulfate / toxicity*
Ethanolamine / toxicity*
Herbicides / toxicity*
Lethal Dose 50
Organometallic Compounds / toxicity*
Pest Control
Population Dynamics
Water / chemistry
Water Pollutants, Chemical / toxicity*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Alcohols; 0/Antidotes; 0/Ethanolamines; 0/Herbicides; 0/Organometallic Compounds; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 0/copper-ethanolamine complex; 141-43-5/Ethanolamine; 66555-33-7/cutrine-plus; 7440-50-8/Copper; 7732-18-5/Water; 7758-98-7/Copper Sulfate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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