Document Detail


Alexithymia and negative affect: relationship to cigarette smoking, nicotine dependence, and smoking cessation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8066152     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Alexithymia is associated with substance abuse and may interfere with successful psychotherapy. Alexithymia's relation to smoking, nicotine dependence, and smoking cessation therapy is unknown, and potentially overlaps with negative affect. Three studies addressed the relations between alexithymia, negative affect, and smoking. In Study 1, 67 young adult smokers were more depressed than 370 past or never smokers, but no different on the Toronto Alexithymia Scale total or subscale scores. In Study 2, negative affect--but not alexithymia--was related to greater nicotine dependence among 99 chronic smokers. In Study 3, alexithymia tended to predict increased patient participation in cognitive-behavioral therapy for smoking; low nicotine dependence--but neither alexithymia nor negative affect--predicted abstinence from smoking at treatment end. Alexithymia appears to be independent of negative affect and unrelated to cigarette smoking or nicotine dependence, suggesting that the affect regulation deficits in alexithymia play a negligible role in nicotine addiction.
Authors:
M A Lumley; K Downey; L Stettner; F Wehmer; O F Pomerleau
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychotherapy and psychosomatics     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0033-3190     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychother Psychosom     Publication Date:  1994  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-09-20     Completed Date:  1994-09-20     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0024046     Medline TA:  Psychother Psychosom     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  156-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Affective Symptoms / psychology*
Aged
Depression / psychology*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nicotine*
Personality Inventory
Smoking / psychology*
Smoking Cessation / psychology*
Substance-Related Disorders / psychology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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