Document Detail

Alcoholism in Brazil--the role of personality and susceptibility to stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7795505     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
One hundred alcohol-dependent Brazilian males were investigated in relation to variables dealing with the course of alcoholism, family history and behaviour. Seven of the most representative were standardized and then subjected to a factor analysis. The factors thus obtained were afterwards included in a cluster analysis, which identified three groups of alcoholics. Two of these groups agree with those established on recent previous classifications, while the third revealed a characteristic not identified in these typologies: lower levels of stress. Other distinctive features were lower scores of harm avoidance and higher proportion of alcoholic relatives. In relation to other conditions these subjects presented intermediary values, suggesting that they may constitute an intermediate between the two other, polar types. It will be important to verify if these results are confirmed in populations with biological and cultural characteristics different from the Brazilian one.
C H Bau; F M Salzano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addiction (Abingdon, England)     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0965-2140     ISO Abbreviation:  Addiction     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-28     Completed Date:  1995-07-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304118     Medline TA:  Addiction     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  693-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Genética, Instituto de Biociências, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholism / epidemiology,  genetics,  psychology*
Brazil / epidemiology
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Developing Countries*
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory*
Risk Factors
Stress, Psychological / complications*

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