Document Detail


Alcohol use and testing among older trauma victims in Maryland.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18695483     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined alcohol use in the older trauma population. The purpose of the present study was to examine blood alcohol level testing and results among older trauma patients. METHODS: All patients aged 65 years or older directly admitted from the injury scene and entered into the Maryland Trauma Registry during a 6-year period were reviewed. RESULTS: The annual proportion of directly admitted patients of age 65 or older increased by 44% from 1996 to 2000. Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was measured for 66% of older patients; 9% were alcohol positive, and 81% had BAC > or = 80 mg/dL. Mean BAC was 165 mg/dL for all alcohol-positive patients. The highest mean BAC was noted in patients with fall-related injuries, followed by pedestrians struck, then by those in a motor vehicle crash. The most common cause of injury was motor vehicle crash (47%). Among all injury causes, patients with fall-related injuries had the greatest proportional increase from 28% in 1996 to 44% in 2000. Alcohol positive status was most frequent (13%) and mean BAC was highest among patients admitted because of fall-related injuries. CONCLUSION: Identifying and addressing alcohol use problems remains an important injury prevention measure for the older trauma population.
Authors:
Janet S Selway; Carl A Soderstrom; Joseph A Kufera
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of trauma     Volume:  65     ISSN:  1529-8809     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-12     Completed Date:  2008-09-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376373     Medline TA:  J Trauma     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  442-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. jselway@udel.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data
Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
Female
Humans
Injury Severity Score
Male
Maryland / epidemiology
Registries
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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