Document Detail


Alcohol and stress in Norwegian United Nations peacekeepers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10544627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Peacekeepers are frequently exposed to dangerous, provoking, or humiliating situations and have limited possibilities to express the resulting anger and frustrations. Self-medication with alcohol and drugs to calm down may result. A representative sample (N = 888) of Norwegian United Nations veterans who served in South Lebanon completed a questionnaire regarding service-related stress and the role of alcohol in stress management. A total of 43.5% of the respondents reported that they had increased their consumption of alcohol during the mission. Overall, only a minority gave reasons such as tension, restlessness, anxiety, and stress to explain the increase. Respondents who had been exposed to the highest levels of stress, however, reported significantly more frequently these potentially pathological reasons for increased drinking. To prevent such outcomes, personnel need to be screened for risk reactions and to be educated in alternative stress management measures. Furthermore, management of both stress and the destructive use of alcohol is clearly a leadership issue.
Authors:
L Mehlum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  164     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  1999 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-17     Completed Date:  1999-11-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  720-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Norwegian Defense Command Headquarters, Oslo, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological*
Adult
Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
Burnout, Professional / prevention & control*,  psychology*
Female
Health Education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Lebanon
Male
Mass Screening
Military Personnel / education,  psychology*
Norway
Occupational Health
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
United Nations
War

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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