Document Detail


Alcohol-related motor vehicle accident fatality: Wisconsin rural-urban trends and observations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19886584     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Wisconsin leads the nation in binge-drinking and alcohol consumption rates, creating substantial costs for taxpayers and contributing to countless alcohol-related comorbidities and numerous fatalities each year. This study was designed to assess the nature and extent of the alcohol problem in Wisconsin and compare alcohol- and non-alcohol-related motor vehicle accident (MVA) fatality rates between the subcultures of rural and urban counties and assess access to alcohol by examining Wisconsin liquor licensing. METHODS: County-level alcohol- and non-alcohol-related MVA fatality data from 1999 to 2006 were obtained from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation and the Wisconsin Interactive Statistics on Health (WISH) database; urban and rural counties were compared. Liquor license per capita rates were determined; rural and urban counties were compared. Additionally, trends in alcohol-related fatalities between 1999 and 2002 and between 2003 and 2006 were computed for all Wisconsin counties. RESULTS: Alcohol-related MVA fatalities were significantly higher in rural counties than non-alcohol-related MVA fatalities as compared to those in urban counties, with an Odds Ratio (OR) of 2.17 (95% Confidence Interval [CI], 2.00-2.35) and 1.68 (95% CI, 1.58-1.79), respectively. More importantly, significant interaction was found to be present between the 2 odds ratios (P < 0.001). When comparing these fatalities using county-level vehicle miles of travel (VMT) as a denominator, similar results were found; rural counties are still at significantly increased risk of MVA fatality in both alcohol- and non-alcohol-related MVAs compared to urban, with an OR of 1.76 (95% CI, 1.62-1.91) 1.37 (95% CI, 1.28-1.45), respectively. CONCLUSION: Evidence characterizing the rural alcohol subculture in Wisconsin's notorious consumption predicament is partially elucidated here, indicating the potential for rural counties to be a cost-effective target of intervention and policy.
Authors:
Zachary J Baeseman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  WMJ : official publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin     Volume:  108     ISSN:  1098-1861     ISO Abbreviation:  WMJ     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-05     Completed Date:  2009-12-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9716054     Medline TA:  WMJ     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA. zjbaeseman@wisc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
Female
Humans
Male
Rural Population
Urban Population
Wisconsin / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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