Document Detail

Alcohol-related infractions among college students: associations with subsequent drinking as a function of sensitivity to punishment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21517138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Problematic alcohol use on college campuses is a significant concern. Violations of campus alcohol policies can lead to disciplinary action from the university. These and other alcohol-related legal infractions may be a sign of significant alcohol-related problems. However, few studies have focused on determining predictors of alcohol-related infractions among college students. Likewise, the role of infractions in reducing future use is unclear. In the present study, we tested whether alcohol-related infractions were associated with decreased alcohol use, and whether the effect of the infraction varied as a function of initial drinking levels, sensitivity to punishment (SP), and sensitivity to reward (SR) in a 6-month prospective design. Alcohol use, grade point average, and SR were significantly associated with receiving an alcohol-related infraction. For heavier drinkers, receiving an infraction was associated with decreased drinking at follow-up, and this decrease was most pronounced among those with higher sensitivity to punishment. SP appeared to increase responsiveness to the infraction, resulting in greater attenuation of drinking at follow-up.
Tyler B Wray; Jeffrey S Simons; Robert D Dvorak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1939-1501     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-14     Completed Date:  2011-10-28     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802734     Medline TA:  Psychol Addict Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  352-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
Department of Psychology, The University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking
Punishment / psychology*
Students / psychology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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