Document Detail


Alcohol consumption, smoking urge, and the reinforcing effects of cigarettes: an ecological study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18540720     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Smokers (N=74) who volunteered for a smoking cessation study monitored their daily experiences for up to 6 weeks prior to the quit date. Self-reports from 7,707 diary records were used to examine the associations among alcohol consumption (present in 607 diary records), situational factors, smoking, urge to smoke, and subjective consequences of smoking. Alcohol use, smoking urge, and the subjective effects of smoking were context dependent. Momentary reports of smoking and alcohol consumption were associated with one another. Alcohol use predicted smoking even when contextual factors were covaried. Alcohol use was associated with more frequent reports of urge to smoke. Alcohol was also associated with more frequent reports that the last cigarette produced a rush/buzz, was good tasting, and reduced the urge. However, effects for rush/buzz and urge reduction were qualified by interactions between alcohol use and the latency since smoking. Rush/buzz tended to be associated with alcohol use, regardless of smoking recency. Alcohol was associated with urge reduction only when the cigarette being appraised was smoked more than 15 minutes prior to the diary entry.
Authors:
Thomas M Piasecki; Danielle E McCarthy; Michael C Fiore; Timothy B Baker
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0893-164X     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-10     Completed Date:  2008-08-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802734     Medline TA:  Psychol Addict Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  230-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2008 APA
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri--Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211-0001, USA. piaseckit@missouri.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Computers, Handheld
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Motivation*
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Smoking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Smoking Cessation / psychology
Social Environment*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P50AA011998/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; P50CA084724/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P50DA019706/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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