Document Detail


Alcohol consumption during pregnancy among Southern city women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4064908     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
As national survey data on American drinking practices have suggested a higher rate of heavy drinking among Southern city women compared to women in other regions, this study sought to determine drinking patterns during pregnancy in this group. A consecutive sample of 428 prenatal patients, who were residents of a Southern metropolitan area, were interviewed during the fourth month prenatal clinic visit. Although close to 50% of this sample were abstainers, 11% of the drinkers were found to be heavy drinkers, averaging more than two drinks daily, while 18% were high-maximum drinkers, consuming at least five drinks on an occasion prior to pregnancy. Forty-eight percent of the drinkers had become abstainers during the first 4 months of pregnancy, which was significantly higher than the 35% found in a representative non-Southern population (P less than 0.01). More frequent high-maximum drinking and increased drinking during pregnancy, both of which are potentially risky drinking practices for fetal outcome, were found primarily among blacks and those 14-19 years of age. The large proportion of both blacks (85%) and those 14-19 (33%) in this sample may put this population at high risk for adverse fetal outcomes related to alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Authors:
C J Stephens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0376-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  1985 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-01-16     Completed Date:  1986-01-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans
Alcohol Drinking*
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Humans
Pregnancy*
Time Factors
United States
Urban Population*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5 T32 AA 07240/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; 5-S07-RR-05441/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; 5F31 NU-05505-03/NU/BHP HRSA HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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