Document Detail


Alcohol consumption and blood pressure Kaiser-Permanente Multiphasic Health Examination data.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  854058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied blood pressure in relation to known drinking habits of 83,947 men and women of three races (83.5 per cent white). Using health-check-up questionnaire responses, we classified persons as nondrinkers or according to usual daily number of drinks: two or fewer per day, three to five per day, or six or more per day. As compared to nondrinkers blood pressures of men taking two or fewer drinks per day were similar. Women who took two or fewer drinks per day had slightly lower pressures. Men and women who took three or more drinks per day had higher systolic pressures (P less than 10(-24) in white men, and less than 10(-12) in white women), higher diastolic pressures (P less than 10(-24) in white men, and less than 10(-6) in white women), and substantially higher prevalence of pressures greater than or equal to 160/95 mm Hg. The associations of blood pressure and drinking were independent of age, sex, race, smoking, coffee use, former "heavy" drinking, educational attainment and adiposity. The findings strongly suggest that regular use of three or more drinks of alcohol per day is a risk factor for hypertension.
Authors:
A L Klatsky; G D Friedman; A B Siegelaub; M J Gérard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New England journal of medicine     Volume:  296     ISSN:  0028-4793     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Engl. J. Med.     Publication Date:  1977 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-06-22     Completed Date:  1977-06-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0255562     Medline TA:  N Engl J Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1194-200     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Continental Ancestry Group
Aged
Alcohol Drinking*
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Blood Pressure*
California
Coffee
Educational Status
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Humans
Hypertension / epidemiology,  etiology
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity / epidemiology
Sex Factors
Smoking / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Coffee

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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