Document Detail

Alcohol, appetite and energy balance: is alcohol intake a risk factor for obesity?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20096714     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The increased recognition that the worldwide increase in incidence of obesity is due to a positive energy balance has lead to a focus on lifestyle choices that may contribute to excess energy intake, including the widespread belief that alcohol intake is a significant risk factor for development of obesity. This brief review examines this issue by contrasting short-term laboratory-based studies of the effects of alcohol on appetite and energy balance and longer-term epidemiological data exploring the relationship between alcohol intake and body weight. Current research clearly shows that energy consumed as alcohol is additive to that from other dietary sources, leading to short-term passive over-consumption of energy when alcohol is consumed. Indeed, alcohol consumed before or with meals tends to increase food intake, probably through enhancing the short-term rewarding effects of food. However, while these data might suggest that alcohol is a risk factor for obesity, epidemiological data suggests that moderate alcohol intake may protect against obesity, particularly in women. In contrast, higher intakes of alcohol in the absence of alcohol dependence may increase the risk of obesity, as may binge-drinking, however these effects may be secondary to personality and habitual beverage preferences.
Martin R Yeomans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2010-01-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  100     ISSN:  1873-507X     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol. Behav.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-05     Completed Date:  2010-07-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  82-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QH, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Appetite / drug effects,  physiology*
Body Mass Index
Central Nervous System Depressants / pharmacology
Energy Metabolism / drug effects,  physiology*
Ethanol / pharmacology
Obesity / epidemiology,  etiology*
Risk Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Central Nervous System Depressants; 64-17-5/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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