Document Detail


Alcohol and the Taylor aggression paradigm: a repeated measures study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7861799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Acute alcohol intoxication has been shown to increase physical aggression in the laboratory as measured by the Taylor aggression paradigm with independent groups. Because it would be advantageous to use the Taylor paradigm in a repeated measures design to examine individual differences, the present study compared the performance of subjects on two counterbalanced occasions: when they were intoxicated and when they were sober. Order of testing significantly interacted with drug condition for the aggression measures and pain threshold. However, an analysis of the ratio of pain threshold to shock intensity, and to total aggression, revealed the procedure to be useful in understanding one aspect of how alcohol modulates aggression. The results suggest that acute alcohol intoxication interferes with the ability to integrate previously acquired knowledge in the formulation of behavioral strategies.
Authors:
M A Lau; R O Pihl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0096-882X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Stud. Alcohol     Publication Date:  1994 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-17     Completed Date:  1995-03-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503813     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  701-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Psychology Department, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aggression / drug effects*
Alcoholic Intoxication / psychology*
Arousal / drug effects
Ethanol / pharmacokinetics,  pharmacology*
Humans
Internal-External Control
Male
Mental Recall / drug effects*
Pain Threshold / drug effects
Reaction Time / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
64-17-5/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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