Document Detail


Alcohol, smoking, and drug use among Inuit women of childbearing age during pregnancy and the risk to children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21332531     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption during pregnancy, a known teratogen often associated with drug use and smoking is a well-known public health concern.
AIM: This study provides prevalence data for alcohol, smoking, and illicit drug use before, during, and after pregnancy among Inuit. Factors associated with alcohol use are also identified.
METHODS: Two hundred and eight Inuit women from Arctic Quebec were interviewed at mid-pregnancy, and at 1 and 11 months postpartum to provide descriptive data on smoking, alcohol, and drug use during pregnancy, and the year before and after pregnancy. Sociodemographic and family characteristics potentially associated with alcohol use were documented.
RESULTS: Ninety-two percent of the women reported smoking and 61% reported drinking during pregnancy. Episodes of binging during pregnancy were reported by 62% of the alcohol users, which correspond to 38% of pregnant women. Thirty-six percent of the participants reported using marijuana during pregnancy. Alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy were more likely to be reported by women who lived in less crowded houses, had a better knowledge of a second language, drank alcohol more often and in larger amounts prior to pregnancy, and used illicit drugs. Binge drinkers were more likely to be single women and to have had fewer previous pregnancies. Postpartum distress and violence were more likely to be experienced by women who used alcohol during pregnancy. Binge drinking during pregnancy was best predicted by drinking habits before pregnancy, maternal symptoms of depression, the use of illicit drugs during pregnancy, and the number of young children living with the mother.
CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm that alcohol is a major risk factor to maternal and child health in this population, underscoring the need for culturally relevant and effective prevention programs.
Authors:
Gina Muckle; Dominique Laflamme; Jocelyne Gagnon; Olivier Boucher; Joseph L Jacobson; Sandra W Jacobson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-02-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1530-0277     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-18     Completed Date:  2012-03-30     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707242     Medline TA:  Alcohol Clin Exp Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1081-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.
Affiliation:
Public Health Research Unit, CHUQ-Laval University Medical Research Center, Quebec City, QC, Canada. gina.muckle@psy.ulaval.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects,  ethnology*
Ethanol / poisoning*
Female
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome / ethnology
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Inuits / ethnology*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / ethnology*,  etiology
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / ethnology
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects,  ethnology*
Substance-Related Disorders / complications,  ethnology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 ES007902-02/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01-ES07902/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
64-17-5/Ethanol
Comments/Corrections

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