Document Detail


Alcohol and marijuana use outcomes in the Healthy Choices motivational interviewing intervention for HIV-positive youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22191456     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Healthy Choices is a motivational interviewing intervention targeting multiple risk behaviors among HIV-positive youth. This study investigated the effects of this intervention program specifically on alcohol and marijuana use. Youth living with HIV (n = 143, mean age = 20.7, 51.5% male) were recruited from four sites in the United States, and randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. The four-session intervention focused on two of three possible problem behaviors based on entry screening; this study focused on 143 HIV-positive youth who received the intervention for substance use. At 15-month follow-up past-week alcohol use was significantly lower for intervention youth than control youth (39.7% versus 53.6%, χ2 = 2.81, 0.05 < p < 0.01); developmental trajectory analysis demonstrated significant reductions in alcohol use, but more importantly the intervention was effective over time in significantly reducing the adolescent's probability of being classified into the high-risk trajectory group. The intervention was less effective in reducing marijuana use.
Authors:
Debra A Murphy; Xinguang Chen; Sylvie Naar-King; Jeffrey T Parsons;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-12-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  AIDS patient care and STDs     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1557-7449     ISO Abbreviation:  AIDS Patient Care STDS     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-30     Completed Date:  2012-04-17     Revised Date:  2013-12-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9607225     Medline TA:  AIDS Patient Care STDS     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-100     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology,  prevention & control*,  psychology
Female
HIV Seropositivity / epidemiology,  psychology,  rehabilitation*
Humans
Male
Marijuana Smoking / epidemiology,  prevention & control*,  psychology
Motivation
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Questionnaires
Risk-Taking
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology,  prevention & control*,  psychology
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30 DA016383/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; P30 MH058107/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; U01 HD040474/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01 HD040533/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01-HD040533/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
Ana Puga / ; Esmine Leonard / ; Zulma Eysallenne / ; Marvin Belzer / ; Cathy Salata / ; Diane Tucker / ; Ligia Peralta / ; Leonel Flores / ; Esther Collinetti / ; Bret Rudy / ; Mary Tanney / ; Adrienne DiBenedetto / ; Andrea Kovacs / ; K Wright / ; P Lam / ; V Conners /
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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