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The Ala16Val MnSOD gene polymorphism modulates oxidative response to exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23219743     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: In humans, the manganese-superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene contains a polymorphism (Ala16Val) that has been related to several metabolic dysfunctions and chronic diseases. However, the obtained results suggest that risks related to this polymorphism are directly influenced by environmental factors. Because few studies have analyzed this possible influence, we performed a controlled study to evaluate if the oxidative stress caused by exercise is differentially modulated by the Ala16Val MnSOD polymorphism. Design and methods Fifty-seven males were previously genotyped and 10 subjects per genotype were selected to perform a bout of controlled intense exercise. MnSOD mRNA expression, protein content, enzyme activity, and total glutathione and thiol content from peripheral blood mononuclear cells were evaluated before and 1h after a bout of intense exercise. RESULTS: The AA genotype participants showed increased post-exercise MnSOD mRNA expression and enzymatic activity compared to baseline values. Conversely, MnSOD mRNA expression did not change but protein thiol content decreased significantly after the bout of exercise in VV carriers. A comparison of the genotypes showed that the AA genotype presented a higher MnSOD protein content than VV volunteers after exercise; while a dose-effect for the A allele was found for enzyme activity. CONCLUSION: This study supports recent evidence that genotypes of key antioxidant enzymes may be associated with differential oxidative stress modulation and the hypothesis that the risk of disease associated with the MnSOD Ala16Val gene polymorphism may be controlled by environmental factors.
Authors:
Guilherme Bresciani; Javier González-Gallego; Ivana B da Cruz; Jose A de Paz; María J Cuevas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2933     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0133660     Medline TA:  Clin Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of León, Spain; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas: Bioquímica Toxicológica, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria (UFSM), RS, Brazil. Electronic address: guilhermebresciani@gmail.com.
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