Document Detail


Airways response of asthmatics after a 30 min exposure, at resting ventilation, to 0.25 ppm NO2 or 0.5 ppm SO2.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2311738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We compared the effect of inhaled NO2 and SO2 on airway tone and airway responsiveness in 14 nonsmoking mild asthmatics (mean +/- SD age 34 +/- 14 yrs; mean +/- SD baseline forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), 86 +/- 17% pred). On 3 separate days, 30 min tidal breathing (average minute ventilation 10.6 l.min-1) of either filtered air, 0.25 ppm NO2, or 0.5 ppm SO2 was followed by an isocapnic hyperventilation test with 0.75 ppm SO2. To determine the provocative ventilation necessary to increase specific airway resistance (sRaw) by 100% (PV100sRaw) ventilation was increased in steps of 15 l.min-1, each step lasting 3 min. Resting ventilation of filtered air, NO2, or SO2 was followed by a slight but significant overall decrease of sRaw from 8.8 to 7.7 cmH20.s-1, with no differences between the study days. Mean +/- SEM PV100sRaw(SO2) was 46.5 +/- 5.1, 37.7 +/- 3.5 and 45.4 +/- 4.2 l.min-1 after tidal breathing of filtered air, NO2, and SO2, respectively. PV100sRaw(SO2) was significantly lower after NO2 as compared to filtered air or SO2 (p less than 0.01). There was a significant correlation (rs = 0.86) between the individual shift of PV100sRaw(SO2) after NO2 and the shift after SO2 as compared to filtered air. From these individual comparisons we suggest that in asthmatics short-term exposure to NO2 at rest enhances airway responsiveness to hyperventilation of SO2 without altering airway tone, whereas short-term exposure with low concentrations of SO2 does not.
Authors:
R Jörres; H Magnussen
Related Documents :
22067138 - Nutritional determinants of cognitive aging and dementia.
23790938 - Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry characterisatio...
22248498 - Dietary supplementation practices in canadian high-performance athletes.
11313118 - Ineffectiveness of activated carbon in reducing the alteration of sphingolipid metaboli...
24560278 - The beneficial effects of rosuvastatin are independent of zinc supplementation in patie...
7321828 - Comparison of nutrient intake in middle-aged men and women runners and controls.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  3     ISSN:  0903-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  1990 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-04-26     Completed Date:  1990-04-26     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  132-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Krankenhaus Grosshansdorf, Zentrum für Pneumologie und Thoraxchirurgie, LVA Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, FRG.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Air Pollutants / toxicity*
Asthma / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Bronchial Provocation Tests
Female
Humans
Male
Nitrogen Dioxide / toxicity*
Respiratory Function Tests
Sulfur Dioxide / toxicity*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 10102-44-0/Nitrogen Dioxide; 7446-09-5/Sulfur Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Bronchial stump recurrence after surgery for bronchial carcinoma.
Next Document:  Bronchoalveolar mastocytosis and lymphocytosis after nitrogen dioxide exposure in man: a time-kineti...