Document Detail


Airways, respiration, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia during picture viewing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16176379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Emotional stimuli can cause airway constriction; however, it is uncertain whether a dimensional or categorical model of emotion can better describe airway changes. Also, little is known about the affective modulation of respiration and vagal activity, which can influence airway tone. We studied changes in oscillatory resistance (Ros), respiration, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in asthmatics and controls during viewing of affective pictures eliciting anxiety, depression, disgust, happiness, contentment, erotic tension, or neutral affect. Ros, respiration, cardiac activity, and self-report were measured during picture presentations. Ros increased monotonically with picture unpleasantness mainly due to disgust pictures. RSA and respiratory timing parameters were particularly sensitive to erotic pictures. Differences between asthmatics and controls were minimal, suggesting that airway responses to unpleasant pictures are not specific to asthma.
Authors:
Thomas Ritz; Miriam Thöns; Saskia Fahrenkrug; Bernhard Dahme
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychophysiology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0048-5772     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychophysiology     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-22     Completed Date:  2006-03-07     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0142657     Medline TA:  Psychophysiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  568-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Psychological Institute III, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany. thomas.ritz@uni-hamburg.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Airway Resistance / physiology*
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Arrhythmia, Sinus / physiopathology*
Asthma / physiopathology
Attention / physiology*
Electrocardiography
Emotions / physiology*
Female
Galvanic Skin Response / physiology
Humans
Lung Volume Measurements
Male
Oscillometry
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology*
Reference Values
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Statistics as Topic

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