Document Detail


Airways dilate to simulated inspiratory but not expiratory manoeuvres.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22282551     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a healthy human, deep inspirations produce bronchodilation of contracted airways, which probably occurs due to the transient distension of the airway smooth muscle (ASM). We hypothesised that deep expiratory manoeuvres also produce bronchodilation due to transient airway wall and ASM compression. We used porcine bronchial segments to assess the effects of deep inspirations, and maximal and partial expiration (submaximal) on airway calibre. Respiratory manoeuvres were simulated by varying transmural pressure using a hydrostatic pressure column: deep inspiration 5 to 30 cmH(2)O, maximal expiration 30 to -15 cmH(2)O, partial expiration 10 to -15 cmH(2)O; amidst a background of tidal oscillations, 5 to 10 cmH(2)O at 0.25 Hz. Changes in luminal cross-sectional area in carbachol-contracted airways were measured using video endoscopy. Deep inspirations produce an immediate bronchodilation (∼40-60%, p=0.0076) that lasts for up to 1 min (p=0.0479). In comparison, after maximal expiration there was no immediate change in airway calibre; however, a delayed bronchodilatory response was observed from 4 s after the manoeuvre (p=0.0059) and persisted for up to 3 min (p=0.0182). Partial expiration had little or no effect or airway calibre. The results observed demonstrate that the airway wall dilates to deep inspiration manoeuvres but is unresponsive to deep expiratory manoeuvres.
Authors:
Adrian R West; Elangovan Thaya Needi; Howard W Mitchell; Peter K McFawn; Peter B Noble
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-01-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1399-3003     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-02     Completed Date:  2013-01-10     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  455-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Physiology, School of Biomedical, Biomolecular and Chemical Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Asthma / diagnosis
Bronchial Provocation Tests*
Bronchodilator Agents / pharmacology
Carbachol / pharmacology
Endoscopy / methods
Exhalation
Humans
Hydrostatic Pressure
Inhalation
Oscillometry / methods
Pressure
Respiration
Respiratory System*
Spirometry / methods
Swine
Time Factors
Water / chemistry
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bronchodilator Agents; 51-83-2/Carbachol; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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