Document Detail

Airway occlusion pressure to titrate positive end-expiratory pressure in patients with dynamic hyperinflation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10861149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although the use of external positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is recommended for patients with intrinsic PEEP, no simple method exists for bedside titration. We hypothesized that the occlusion pressure, measured from airway pressure during the phase of ventilator triggering (P0.1t), could help to indicate the effects of PEEP on the work of breathing (WOB). METHODS: Twenty patients under assisted ventilation with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were studied with 0, 5, and 10 cm H2O of PEEP while ventilated with a fixed level of pressure support. RESULTS: PEEP 5 significantly reduced intrinsic PEEP (mean +/- SD, 5.2 +/- 2.4 cm H2O at PEEP 0 to 3.6 +/- 1.9 at PEEP 5; P < 0.001), WOB per min (12. 6 +/- 6.7 J/min to 9.1 +/- 5.9 J/min; P = 0.003), WOB per liter (1.2 +/- 0.4 J/l to 0.8 +/- 0.4 J/l; P < 0.001), pressure time product of the diaphragm (216 +/- 86 cm H2O. s-1. min-1 to 155 +/- 179 cm H2O. s-1. min-1; P = 0.001) and P0.1t (3.3 +/- 1.5 cm H2O to 2.3 +/- 1.4 cm H2O; P = 0.002). At PEEP 10, no further significant reduction in muscle effort nor in P0.1t (2.5 +/- 2.1 cm H2O) occurred, and transpulmonary pressure indicated an increase in end-expiratory lung volume. Significant correlations were found between WOB per min and P0.1t at the three levels of PEEP (P < 0.001), and between the changes in P0.1t versus the changes in WOB per min (P < 0.005), indicating that P0.1t and WOB changed in the same direction. A decrease in P0.1 with PEEP indicated a decrease in intrinsic PEEP with a specificity of 71% and a sensitivity of 88% and a decrease in WOB with a specificity of 86% and a sensitivity of 91%. CONCLUSION: These results show that P0.1t may help to assess the effects of PEEP in patients with intrinsic PEEP.
J Mancebo; P Albaladejo; D Touchard; E Bak; M Subirana; F Lemaire; A Harf; L Brochard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesiology     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0003-3022     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesthesiology     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-07     Completed Date:  2000-08-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1300217     Medline TA:  Anesthesiology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-90     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Servei de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital de Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Lung Diseases, Obstructive / mortality,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Positive-Pressure Respiration / methods*
Positive-Pressure Respiration, Intrinsic / physiopathology,  therapy
Work of Breathing / physiology*

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