Document Detail

Airway complications in infants: comparison of laryngeal mask airway and the facemask-oral airway.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10764174     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To compare the incidence of airway complications in children less than one year of age whose airways were maintained during anesthesia with either a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) or a facemask and oral airway (FM-OA). METHODS: We randomized 49 - ASA class 1&2 - infants to an LMA or FM-OA group. All infants were undergoing minor general, urological or orthopedic procedures. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with halothane in nitrous oxide 50% and oxygen. The airway was removed in both groups when the infant was awake. The occurrence of airway complications (breath-holding, coughing, laryngospasm, secretions, obstruction and oxygen saturation < 95%) at induction of anesthesia, intraoperatively and during emergence from anesthesia was recorded. RESULTS: Airway complications occurred perioperaively in 15 of 27 infants in the LMA group and in 5 of 22 infants in the FM-OA group (P: 0.02). CONCLUSION: In infants, the use of the LMA is associated with an increased incidence of airway complications compared with the use of the FM-OA.
M Harnett; B Kinirons; A Heffernan; C Motherway; W Casey
Related Documents :
7324934 - Metabolic effects of obstetric regional analgesia and of asphyxia in the newborn infant...
21820714 - Effect of prenatal indoor pet exposure on the trajectory of total ige levels in early c...
16928394 - Shear stress in cells generated by ultrasound.
9365974 - Bilateral continuous paravertebral block used for postoperative analgesia in an infant ...
22924254 - Factors given by birth and oxygenotherapy in relation to development of retinopathy of ...
20555374 - Vitamin d supplementation of canadian infants: practices of montreal mothers.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthésie     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0832-610X     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Anaesth     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-09     Completed Date:  2000-06-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701709     Medline TA:  Can J Anaesth     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anaesthesia, Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children, Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Airway Obstruction / epidemiology,  etiology
Anesthesia, Inhalation
Anesthesiology / instrumentation*
Cough / epidemiology,  etiology
Infant, Newborn
Intraoperative Complications / epidemiology,  etiology*
Laryngeal Masks / adverse effects*
Laryngismus / epidemiology,  etiology
Masks / adverse effects*
Oxygen / blood
Respiratory Mechanics / drug effects
Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
Can J Anaesth. 2000 Dec;47(12):1262   [PMID:  11132753 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Peroperative titration of morphine improves immediate postoperative analgesia after total hip arthro...
Next Document:  Acupressure wristbands do not prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting after urological endoscopic ...