Document Detail


Air pollution simulation and geographical information systems (GIS) applied to Athens International Airport.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19731833     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study presents an improved methodology for analysing atmospheric pollution around airports using Gaussian-plume numerical simulation integrated with Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The new methodology focuses on streamlining the lengthy analysis process for Airport Environmental Impact Assessments by integrating the definition of emission sources, simulating and displaying the results in a GIS environment. One of the objectives of the research is to validate the methodology applied to the Athens International Airport, "Eleftherios Venizelos", to produce a realistic estimate of emission inventories, dispersion simulations and comparison to measured data. The methodology used a combination of the Emission Dispersion and Modelling System (EDMS) and the Atmospheric Dispersion and Modelling system (ADMS) to improve the analysis process. The second objective is to conduct numerical simulations under various adverse conditions (e.g. scenarios) and assess the dispersion in the surrounding areas. The study concludes that the use of GIS in environmental assessments provides a valuable advantage for organizing data and entering accurate geographical/topological information for the simulation engine. Emissions simulation produced estimates within 10% of published values. Dispersion simulations indicate that airport pollution will affect neighbouring cities such as Rafina and Loutsa. Presently, there are no measured controls in these areas. In some cases, airport pollution can contribute to as much as 40% of permissible EU levels in VOCs.
Authors:
Mike Theophanides; Jane Anastassopoulou
Related Documents :
20960983 - Effectiveness, suitability, and performance testing of the skc deployable particulate s...
11592423 - The evolution of the ph in europe (1986-1997) using panel data.
23272603 - The disciplinary and epistemological structure of paleoanthropology: one hundred and fi...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1093-4529     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-07     Completed Date:  2009-09-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812551     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  758-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Chemical Engineering Department, Radiation Chemistry and Biospectroscopy, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, Zografou, Athens, Greece.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis*
Air Pollution / analysis*
Automobiles
Aviation*
Computer Simulation
Geographic Information Systems*
Greece
Hydrocarbons / analysis
Models, Statistical
Nitrogen Oxides / analysis
Particulate Matter / analysis
Power Plants
Sulfur Dioxide / analysis
Vehicle Emissions / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0/Hydrocarbons; 0/Nitrogen Oxides; 0/Particulate Matter; 0/Vehicle Emissions; 7446-09-5/Sulfur Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Characterization of metabolic activities of waste-activated sludge from the SBR process.
Next Document:  Influence of ozone and humidity on the formation of sulfate and nitrate in airborne fine particles.