Document Detail


Agroterrorism. Agricultural infrastructure vulnerability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10681987     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The intentional contamination of animal feed to reduce the availability of animal-derived human food or to infect human populations is seldom mentioned, but animal feed could be an easy target for bioterrorists. The period of delay between the contamination of the animal feed and adulteration of the human food product provides an additional degree of uncertainty about the source of the contamination and minimizes the possibility of apprehending the terrorist. The less obvious and more natural the source of biological contamination, the greater the likelihood that the animal feed contamination will be mistaken as a natural phenomenon. However, the problems related to managing natural food contamination and intentional food contamination remain the same. Rapid testing and separation of contaminated feed are important steps, followed by the more specific identification of the contaminant to determine the source of adulteration and/or the possibility of decontamination. At this time identification of the bioagents is dependent on the availability of antibody-specific test systems. The rapid development of specific antibodies for the development of sensitive and specific test kits is the key to identifying contamination and dealing effectively with the disposal or decontamination of the animal feed and, ultimately, preventing the contamination of animal-derived human food products.
Authors:
J van Bredow; M Myers; D Wagner; J J Valdes; L Loomis; K Zamani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Volume:  894     ISSN:  0077-8923     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-09     Completed Date:  2000-03-09     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506858     Medline TA:  Ann N Y Acad Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  168-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Office of Research, Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, Maryland 20708, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture*
Animal Feed / microbiology*
Animals
Bacteria / isolation & purification*
Biological Warfare / prevention & control*
Food Microbiology*
Humans
United States
Violence / prevention & control*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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