Document Detail


Aging and eating in the rural, southern United States: beliefs about salt and its effect on health.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15990209     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper draws upon qualitative research conducted among older adults in the rural, southern United States in which they articulated their beliefs and experiences with nutrition and foods, and lay models of the connection of diet with chronic disease. Salt emerged as a focus of contention. The goals of the paper are to (1) present the culturally constructed meaning of salt, (2) contrast the cultural meaning with biomedical views, and (3) discuss how these findings can be applied to health education and better doctor-patient communication. Data were collected in two rural communities characterized by high rates of poverty and a high proportion of minority residents. A total of 116 African American, Native American and white adults aged 60 years and older participated in 55 in-depth interviews or seven focus groups. A systematic analysis of text showed that salt was a highly contested component of food. While valued for its role in traditional foods and cuisine, it also held negative connotations because of biomedical links to chronic diseases prevalent in the population. We suggest that attempts to control salt intake are made difficult by the changes in taste perceptions that accompany aging. Respondents' articulation of salt's role in health and disease shows cross-over among different chronic diseases and a lay interpretation of blood as the medium through which salt affects disease. These older adults' narratives demonstrate their attempts to reconcile the important role of traditional foods in their identity as Southerners with their attempts to meet medical recommendations for healthy eating.
Authors:
Shannon L Smith; Sara A Quandt; Thomas A Arcury; Lindsay K Wetmore; Ronny A Bell; Mara Z Vitolins
Related Documents :
3867689 - Dietary fluoride intake of 15-19-year-old male adults residing in the united states.
8083769 - Study on hypomineralized areas in hamster molars.
8259489 - Studies on the leaching of fluoride in tea infusions.
12750889 - The sodium phosphate cotransporter family slc34.
1066199 - A comparison between the release of fluoride from sodium fluoride lozenges and bone mea...
19179679 - Dietary supplies of iodine & thiocyanate in the aetiology of endemic goitre in imphal e...
12096099 - Bud abortion in tulip bulbs studied by magnetic resonance imaging.
15297759 - Examination of meat components in commercial dog and cat feed by using polymerase chain...
12696699 - Bacillus anthracis: current knowledge in relation to contamination of food.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2005-06-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-29     Completed Date:  2006-05-11     Revised Date:  2012-06-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1063, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
African Americans / education,  psychology*
Aged
European Continental Ancestry Group / education,  psychology*
Feeding Behavior / ethnology*
Female
Focus Groups
Food Preferences / ethnology*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Humans
Indians, North American / education,  psychology*
Interviews as Topic
Male
Middle Aged
North Carolina
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / ethnology*
Rural Population*
Socioeconomic Factors
Sodium, Dietary* / adverse effects
Taste
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG 13469/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 DE017092/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Copper and trace element fractionation in electrokinetically treated methanogenic anaerobic granular...
Next Document:  Combined effects of uncertainty and organizational justice on employee health: testing the uncertain...