Document Detail


Aging is associated with positive responding to neutral information but reduced recovery from negative information.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20385664     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Studies on aging and emotion suggest an increase in reported positive affect, a processing bias of positive over negative information, as well as increasingly adaptive regulation in response to negative events with advancing age. These findings imply that older individuals evaluate information differently, resulting in lowered reactivity to, and/or faster recovery from, negative information, while maintaining more positive responding to positive information. We examined this hypothesis in an ongoing study on Midlife in the US (MIDUS II) where emotional reactivity and recovery were assessed in a large number of respondents (N = 159) from a wide age range (36-84 years). We recorded eye-blink startle magnitudes and corrugator activity during and after the presentation of positive, neutral and negative pictures. The most robust age effect was found in response to neutral stimuli, where increasing age is associated with a decreased corrugator and eyeblink startle response to neutral stimuli. These data suggest that an age-related positivity effect does not essentially alter the response to emotion-laden information, but is reflected in a more positive interpretation of affectively ambiguous information. Furthermore, older women showed reduced corrugator recovery from negative pictures relative to the younger women and men, suggesting that an age-related prioritization of well-being is not necessarily reflected in adaptive regulation of negative affect.
Authors:
Carien M van Reekum; Stacey M Schaefer; Regina C Lapate; Catherine J Norris; Lawrence L Greischar; Richard J Davidson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2010-04-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social cognitive and affective neuroscience     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1749-5024     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-12     Completed Date:  2011-08-04     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101288795     Medline TA:  Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and Neurodynamics, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Whiteknights Campus, PO Box 238, Reading RG6 6AL, UK. c.vanreekum@reading.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging*
Electromyography / methods
Emotions / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Photic Stimulation / methods
Reaction Time / physiology
Time Factors
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